Pro athletes and anabolic steroids

Non-medical users of anabolic steroids often “stack” different anabolic steroids over the course of a “cycle” of use. They also administer various ancillary drugs and substances to enhance the desired effects of anabolic steroids or to minimize adverse side effects. The most common liquid (injectable) anabolic steroids encountered in these cases are (oil-based) esters of testosterone (., testosterone cypionate, testosterone enanthate, and testosterone propionate, and a blend of testosterone esters called Sustanon 250) or nandrolone (., nandrolone decanoate). Also popular are Equipoise (boldenone undecylenate) and trenbolone acetate and trenbolone enanthate, as well as the water-based injectable Winstrol (stanozolol). Popular oral anabolic steroids include methandrostenolone (Dianbol), oxandrolone (Anavar) and oxymetholone (Anadrol 50).

Awareness and educational efforts are working to help prevent anabolic steroid abuse in schools and communities. The Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids (ATLAS) and the Athletes Targeting Healthy Exercise and Nutrition Alternatives (ATHENA) programs, funded by the NIDA, and supported by the Oregon Health & Science University programs is teaching athletes that they do not need steroids to build powerful muscles and improve athletic performance. These programs provide weight-training and nutrition alternatives, increase healthy behaviors, less likelihood to try steroids, and less likelihood to engage in other dangerous behaviors such as drinking and driving, use of marijuana and alcohol , and and improved body image. Bother Congress and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration endorsed these model prevention programs. 4

One last point: Because steroids have all these side effects, a lot of abusers will then take other drugs to offset the effect—steroid abuse causes you to grow man-boobs, so people take another drug to mitigate those side effects. Guys who take steroids often also take augmenting drugs to decrease estrogen production or to improve athletic performance even further, like human growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1, insulin, erythropoietin, stimulants, diuretics, levothyroxine, and/or gamma-hydroxybutyrate, according to the study in FP Essentials . That means on top of all these side effects of steroids, most abusers are also looking at a whole separate list of effects from their peripheral drug habits.

Some bodybuilders and athletes use trenbolone esters for their muscle-building and otherwise performance-enhancing effects. [5] Such use is illegal in the United States and many other countries. The DEA classifies trenbolone and its esters as Schedule III controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act . [18] Trenbolone is classified as a Schedule 4 drug in Canada [19] and a class C drug with no penalty for personal use or possession in the United Kingdom . [20] Use or possession of steroids without a prescription is a crime in Australia . [21] The infamous "duchess" cocktail allegedly administered to Russian athletes at the Sochi Winter Olympics consisted of oxandrolone , a metenolone ester, and a trenbolone ester. [22]

Pro athletes and anabolic steroids

pro athletes and anabolic steroids

Some bodybuilders and athletes use trenbolone esters for their muscle-building and otherwise performance-enhancing effects. [5] Such use is illegal in the United States and many other countries. The DEA classifies trenbolone and its esters as Schedule III controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act . [18] Trenbolone is classified as a Schedule 4 drug in Canada [19] and a class C drug with no penalty for personal use or possession in the United Kingdom . [20] Use or possession of steroids without a prescription is a crime in Australia . [21] The infamous "duchess" cocktail allegedly administered to Russian athletes at the Sochi Winter Olympics consisted of oxandrolone , a metenolone ester, and a trenbolone ester. [22]

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